The fulfillment of the following characteristics ensures a safe and efficient wound healing process. Following Georg Winter's research since 1962, Wiliam Tuner collected and summarized his findings, which he presented in 1979 defining the characteristics of an ideal dressing:
The rate of exudate absorption and the absorbency capacity of the dressing are some of the most important features that affect wound healing and prevent maceration and recontamination. The containment of exudate within the internal structures of the dressing is a very advantageous situation that significantly aids healing. Dressings that can absorb and isolate microorganisms contained in secretions are an important tool in protecting the wound from secondary infection. They provide a reduced risk of healing complications from pathogenic microorganisms.
Moreover, trauma-free dressing changes affect the wound healing process and the final cosmetic effect. Thanks to dressings that do not adhere to the wound it is possible to perform dressing changes without damaging the granulation tissue. Dressings must not cause mechanical or biochemical irritation. Mechanical irritation is primarily mechanical irritation, mainly affecting textile dressings. They must not shrink or be woven too loosely or too thinly, because the motor processes on the wound surface lead to secretions due to irritation.
Safe use also means that dressings should be easy to use, properly packaged and clearly labeled. Of course, all dressings must either be sterilizable or already sterilized and ready for use.